Functional Safety

  1. In the case of mission-critical control and railway signaling equipment, functional safety depends on the system or equipment operating correctly in response to its inputs.
  2. If the input signals are corrupted by electromagnetic interference (EMI), disastrous consequences may occur.
  3. EMC standard are use to ensure adequate availability of equipment and system functionality, with different standards developed to suit the wide variety of EM environments.
  4. IEMI-intentional electromagnetic interference is an increasing security threat.

Special thanks to

Er. Professor LOCK Kai Sang

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)

  1. Electrical and electronic equipment are design and built to operate satisfactorily under specified power quality and electromagnetic environment.
  2. They may mulfunction or degrade in performance in operating beyond the stipulated power quality and EM environment.
  3. Electronagnetic compatibility (EMC) describe the ability of electronic and electrical systems or component to function correctly together.

Jangan Sebarkan Sifat Buruk Seseorang


Jom Undi Parti PAS


Sri Carook Tomyam